The Damodar river, etymologically coming from Sanskrit words- ‘dama’ means “rope” and ‘udara’ means “belly”, is a river of 592 km flowing over the North Eastern India.
The Damodar river originates from the Sonajuria falls in the Chota Nagpur Plateau of Bihar. After completion of 368 miles towards the east, it reaches West Bengal and there it joins the Hooghly (Hugli) river.
Through the hilly areas, it flows with extensive force and capable of washing away everything that comes on its way.
The river Damodar, was earlier named as the ‘River of Sorrows’ as it flooded frequently over many areas of Bardhaman, Hooghly, Howrah and Medinipur districts. But now, due to the building of various dams over the Damodar river, the devastating condition is now very much under control. Some popularly known dams are- Maithon, Konar, Panchet and so on. Besides flood control, this dams managed by The Damodar valley corporation (DVC) help domestic and industrial water supply, irrigation and hydropower generation.
Nowadays, people have mushroomed by the banks of the river. Hence, the Damodar valley, also known as ‘The Ruhr of India’ is spread widely over- Giridih, Ramgarh, Hazaribagh, Dhanbad, Bokaro and Chatra districts in Jharkhand, Bardhaman and Hooghly districts in West Bengal. There are some more areas that are covered partially with this valley.
However, from the view point of industrialisation, Damodar valley is one of the famous names. Many factories including SAIL (Steel Authority of India Limited) where three famous steel plants such as- Bokaro, Burnpur and Durgapur have been built due to its rich mineral resources.
Cut to the present scenario, due to the excessive mining, fly ash, oil as well as various poisonous metals have made the Damodar river the most contaminated river in India.
The Damodar River
Location of Damodar River
|Districts||Jharkhand (Hazaribagh, Ramgarh, Koderma, Giridih, Dhanbad, Bokaro, Chatra) |
West Bengal (Burdwan, Hooghly)
Physical Characteristics of the Damodar River
|Source / Origin||Location: ChulhaPani, Lohardaga district, Chota Nagpur Plateau, Jharkhand |
Coordinates: 24.52°N – 88.07°E
Elevation: 3892m /12769ft
|Mouth||Location: Hooghly River, Howrah District, West Bengal Coordinates: Latitude: 25° 32′ 15” N Longitude: 83° 11′ 45”E Elevation: 4356 m /14291ft.|
|Length||592 km (368 mi)|
|Discharge||Average: 296 m3/s (10,500 cu ft/s) |
Basin Features of the Damodar River
Tributaries of Damodar River
List of Bridges on the Damodar River
- Kanraria Deulpara Damodar Bridge
- Durgapur Barrage
- Sadarghat Bridge
- Damodar Setu
FAQs on the Damodar River
The Damodar river is called ‘The River of Sorrows’ because- it frequently flooded over many areas of Bardhaman, Hooghly, Howrah and Medinipur districts. But nowadays, due to the building of dams, the exhausting flood is under control.
The Damodar river meets Ganga at Shayampur.
The Damodar river originates from the Sonajuria falls in Chota Nagpur Plateau.
The Damodar valley is known as ‘The Ruhr of India’.
If you have any queries on the Damodar River, please write within the comment box below.