The Phalgu or Falgu (फल्गू नदी), an important river of Gaya, Bihar. It is a holy river for Hindus and Buddhists. A very famous temple called Vishnupad Mandir is located on the bank of the Phalgu river. According to ancient texts, the Falgu river was known as the Niranjana River (Phalgu river’s other name).
The Phalgu River originates near Gaya from the confluence of the Lilajan river and Mohana river. Like Lilajan and Mohana, the Phalgu River is liable to high floods during the rainstorm. However, in other seasons of the year, the river diminishes to a stream meandering through a wide breadth of sand and remains dry. One has to dig two-three feet deep to find water on the riverbed.
What is the story behind Falgu River?
According to the Ramayana, the Phalgu lost its water due to the curse of Goddess Sita. There is a famous story; the Purana states that Lord Rama and his wife Sita came to Gaya for the sacred rites for his father, Dasaratha, and they decided to rest for a while on the banks of River Falgu.
When it was time for Pind–Daan, Lord Rama went to get the necessary provisions while Goddess Sita waited on the bank of River Falgu.
During his absence, Dasaratha appeared and asked Goddess Sita for the Pindam without delay. Goddess Sita asked Dasaratha to wait till his son (Lord Ram) returned. He refused to wait. At that time, she had nothing to offer except sand from the riverbank. As Sita feared that Rama would not believe her, she gave him the Pindam with five witnesses – the Falguni River, the Akshaya Vatam, a cow, a Tulsi plant, and a Brahmin. But when Lord Rama returned and asked them all, they all refused and took Rama’s side except Akshaya Vatam. Then angry Sita cursed them all, including River Falgu, which was condemned to run below sand all the time to hide her head in shame for lying. Therefore, as per Hindu belief, the Falgu river is dry due to the curse of Sita and very famous for Pind Daan.
As per the Gaya Mahatmya, which structures part of the Vayu Purana, the Phalgu exemplifies Vishnu himself. One practice expresses that it, some time ago, streamed with milk.
As per Hindu conviction, the spirit meanders after death until Pind-Dan, or strict assistance looking for salvation for the dead from the resurrection pattern, is performed. It is required for Hindu fans offering the ‘Pindadan’ to shave their heads and take a sacred Plunge and head for the Baitarni lake. The petitions are performed at the Vishnupad Mandir. Clerics, known as Gaywal-pandas, conduct the ritual. A large number of Hindus visit Gaya with the end goal of Pindadan. Therefore, the bank of the Phalgu at Gaya is one of the best tourist attractions in Bihar, India.
Location of Phalgu River
Physical Characteristics of the Phalgu River
|Source / Origin||Source: Confluence of Lilajan and Mohana rivers|
Location: Near Gaya
Coordinates: 24°43′41″N 85°00′47″E
Basin Features of the Phalgu River
Tributaries of Phalgu River
Life Cycle / Course the Phalgu River
The Phalgu River originates from the confluence (somewhere in the range of 3 kilometers beneath Bodh Gaya) of the Lilajan river and Mohana river (two enormous slope streams, every one of which is more than 270 meters wide).
The Phalgu river flows on to the north past the town of Gaya, where it accomplishes a breadth of more than 820 meters.
It then flows a north-easterly way for around 27 km, and opposite the Barabar hills, it again takes the name of Mohana and divides into two branches which finally flow into a branch of the Punpun. Punpun River is the mouth of the Phalgu river.
List of Bridges on the Phalgu River
- Six-lane 557 m long (25 meters wide) bridge over Phalgu river connecting between Gaya & Manpur
FAQs on Phalgu River
It runs a north-easterly way for around 27 kilometers (17 mi) and inverses the Barabar slopes; it again takes the name of Mohana and partitions into two branches which in the end stream into a part of the Punpun.
The Phalgu, a river that flows on to the north past the town of Gaya, in the Indian province of Bihar, India. Phalgu is losing water due to many possible reasons, say the researchers, including installing obstruction in the upstream by creating dams, the use of water for agriculture, climate change, etc.
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