The Son River begins near Amarkantak Hill in the Anuppur District of Madhya Pradesh and discharges at the Ganges river near Patna district, Bihar, India. The Son River is also spelled as Sone River.
The course of the Sone River has covered five states (Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar) of central India. It is one of the longest rivers of India and the second-largest tributary of the Ganges.
Many cities are situated on the banks of river son like Sidhi, Dehri, Patna, Daudnagar, Chopan. One of the beautiful picnic spots on the bank of the Sone river is Kabra khurd.
Location of Son River
Physical Characteristics of the Son River
|Source / Origin||Location: Near Amarkantak Hill, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh |
Coordinate: 22°43′48″N 82°03′31″E
Location: Patna District, Bihar, India
Coordinate: 25°42′21″N 84°51′44″E
|Length||784 km (487 mi)|
|Discharge||Location: Ganges River|
Life Cycle / Course the Son River
The Sone River originates near Amarkantak Hill, Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh.
From Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh, the river flows towards the north-northwest direction through the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh before turning toward the east direction where it meets the southwest-northeast Kaimur Range.
Then the river flows toward the east-northeast direction through Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar states of India. Finally, the Son river joins the Ganges river near Patna district, Bihar, India.
In the past, the Son river was famous for changing its course. Few research articles suggest that the Son river has changed its course more than 5 times in the past. In recent times this tendency has been controlled.
Few facts about the Course the Son River:
- The total length of the Son river is 784 km.
- Steep Gradient of Sone River: 35–55 cm/km
- Although the Sone river channel is very wide, it has a narrow floodplain (3 to 5 km)
- The lower valley of the Sone River is an extension of the Narmada valley
Basin Features of the Son River
Tributaries of Son River
|Left Tributaries||Ghaghar River|
Chhoti Mahanadi River
|Right Tributaries||Banas River|
North Koel River
Dams on the Son River
|Sl. No.||Name of the Dam||Length||Location|
|1||Dam at Dehri||–||Dehri, Bihar|
|2||Indrapuri Barrage||1,407 m||Rohtas District, Bihar, India|
|3||Bansagar Dam||1,020 m||Deolond, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh|
List of Large Bridges on the Son River
|Sl. No.||Name of the Bridge||Length||Bridge Type||Location|
|1||Abdul Bari Bridge or Koilwar Bridge||1,440 m||Rail-Cum-Road Bridge||Near Arrah in Bihar|
|2||Nehru Setu||3,059 m||Railway Bridge||Dehri-Son Nagar, Bihar|
FAQs on Son River
Son River joins the Ganges river near Patna district, Bihar, India.
The Son river is 784 km (487 mi) long, is one of the longest Indian rivers.
Son River originates near Amarkantak Hill in the Annupur District of Madhya Pradesh.
As it emerges from the hills of Amarkatanka, it carries a ton of sand with it, which has all the earmarks of being of light gold-tone. Because of this brilliant tone, the name of the river is Son or Sone River.
Sone River is the second-largest tributary of the Ganges.
If you have any queries on the Son River, write within the comment box below.